All manuscripts submitted for publication in the journal should conform to the regulations outlined in the Author Guidelines. Submissions in contrary to the guidelines will be returned to the author(s).

You can e-mail us your manuscript to

Manuscripts should be comprised of the following sections:

They can be submitted in different parts, 1) Title Page and Main Text, 2) Visual Materials as separate files, 3) Author Resume

Papers exceeding 12000 words are not accepted. When calculating the word count, all sections of a paper should be taken into account. The author(s) should write down the total number of words in their papers after the keywords.











9. CAPTIONS OF VISUAL MATERIALS (Tables, Figures, etc.)


Items numbered in the above list have to be prepared and submitted as a single, separate MS Word file.

Each visual material has to be prepared and submitted as a single, separate file through the online system in either “tiff” or “jpeg” formats. Files including the visual materials should be numbered as per their order in the paper.


The resume(s) of the author(s) must be prepared in English and should not exceed 50 words. Resumes have to be prepared for each author. 


Paper Title, Abstract, Keywords, and Word Count

Papers should have short and precise titles, reflecting the topic and the content.

An abstract is required for manuscripts. Depending on the nature of the manuscript, the abstract should be between 300-800 words. The abstract should explain the aims and major conclusions of the paper but should not include any citations.

In addition, the designation of five keywords is essential. Please ensure that keywords are informative of the manuscript’s topic and content.

Following the keywords, the total number of words in the manuscript (inclusive of all sections) should be mentioned.

Main Text of the Manuscript

- The entire manuscript should be prepared double spaced with a font size of 10 pt. on A4 size page in MS Word. No space should be left after or before paragraphs and only one line space before subheadings, but not afterward.

- If the text is subdivided into sections, these subdivisions should be differentiated by numbers placed on the left as shown:

1. (single-numbered): PART (bold and UPPERCASE)

1.1 (double-numbered): Division (bold and Title Case)

1.1.1 (triple-numbered): Subdivision (regular and Title Case)

No further subdivisions should be used.

- Please do use italics only to emphasize concepts or indicate foreign words.

- Tables produced in MS Word could be inserted into the text wherever necessary. However, tables produced with other applications have to be submitted as single, separate files in one of the following formats: “pdf”, “jpeg” or “tiff”. Table captions could be placed in appropriate parts of the text where tables will be inserted. Table captions should be numbered as follows: Table 1., 2., 3., etc.

- Use double quotation marks for all quotes, but do not use extra indent. Use single quotation marks only for quotes inside quotes. Quotes up to two sentences are to be integrated into the text. Quotes longer than two sentences have to be set apart in a separate paragraph with the same formatting.


For referencing and bibliography instructions use APA Referencing Style (parenthetical referencing, using brackets while referring to a source). Further details about APA referencing style can be seen from will be enclosed within parentheses and embedded in the text, either within or after a sentence, in lieu of footnote citations, i.e. no footnotes or endnotes will be used for references. Citations will be accompanied by a full, alphabetized list of citations in a separate section. ​



All references including books, articles, lectures, online documents, etc. are to be given in the bibliography in alphabetical order using APA System.


Endnotes can be used only if absolutely necessary. The authors should try to keep the number of endnotes at a minimum. Editors may ask the authors to reduce the number of endnotes as part of revisions. 

Endnotes must definitely not be written under or beside the page of text with which they are associated. They must be numbered in such consecutive order as 1.,2.,3.,etc., and listed at the end. References used in endnotes should follow the same format of presentation as in the text.

Captions of Visual Material

Please provide a list of captions of visual materials (pictures, maps, plans, graphics, etc.) after the bibliography in the main text. In preparation of this list, all visual materials should be numbered as per their order in the manuscript, such as Figure 1.,2.,3., etc. The numbers of visual materials used in the manuscript must be mentioned in the text where they are associated in either of the following formats, depending on the nature of the relevant sentence: Figure 1 or (Figure 1). As for figures that appear more than once in the manuscript, the figure number should be given based on the first appearance and used constantly.


Symbols and Abbreviations

All special symbols and abbreviations, which are used in the formulae must be compiled in a list and appended to the manuscript following the “Captions of Visual Materials”. 


As the manuscripts, originality is also expected in visual materials used in manuscripts. Authors are requested to submit originals of such documents as drawings, diagrams, tables, sketches, photographs, maps, etc.

Publication of visual documents less than 10 years old in technical subjects, and less than 50 years old in the area of the fine arts requires written authorization from the holder(s) of copyright.

Visual materials like pictures, photographs, maps, drawings, and charts should be submitted if possible as "tiff" or “jpeg” and as separate files. The names of the files including visual materials should be numbered in accordance with the arrangement within the text (Figure 1., Figure 2., Figure 3, etc.). The width of the images should be at least 10 cm with a resolution of 300 dpi, in other words at least 1200 pixels.

Images cannot be submitted within MS Word files.

The authors are expected to keep the number of visual materials moderate and efficient. Editors may if necessary demand from the authors to reduce the number of visual materials used in manuscripts.

Beyoglu, Istanbul, Turkiye

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