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The journal adheres to the guidelines stated in the 'Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing' by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics). It follows the spirit of the principles in all aspects of their publishing operation. We expect all authors to adhere to the ethical standards as prescribed by the Committee on Publication Ethics.



Inclusions of a person who does not meet authorship requirement as specified by the editorial policy or the exclusion of a person who meets the requirement is a violation of this publication ethics.



Plagiarism is the practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Academic Journals will follow COPE guidelines in suspected cases of plagiarism.

We use Scholar Google Plagiarism Software - PLAGIARISMA to check for plagiarism in articles.


"Duplicate publication is a publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published, without clear, visible reference to the previous publication" (ICMJE Overlapping Publications)

It is unethical for authors to submit a manuscript to more than one journal at the same time, either within Academic Journals or any other journal. That includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals.



Fabrication, manipulation, or falsification of data is a violation of this publication ethics. Academic Journals will follow the COPE guidelines in suspected cases of fabrication and falsification of data. 



Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts.  The addition of references, which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged.

Irrelevant self-citation to increase one’s citation is unethical.  The unnecessary citation of articles for the sole purpose of “increasing” the articles’ citation is unethical. Unnecessary citation of articles from a particular journal to “increase” the journal citation is also considered as unethical.


Information on financial support for their research published in the paper should be provided by authors.


All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes, in case of detection. The journal hereby declares that the editors are willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed. The journal will take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred.

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